性相近, 习相远 are the ipsissima verba of Confucius, and form the chief dogma in Confucian ethics. It was vigorously upheld by Mencius, and opposed by Hsün K'uang of the 3rd cent. B.C. who held that the nature of man is radically evil, and also by Yang Hsiung who taught that it is neither one nor the other but a mixture of the two.
---- Herbert Allen Giles, San Tzu Ching