Skip to main content

Something you may be not familiar with

A toll road (or tollway, turnpike, pike, or toll highway) is a road for which a driver pays a toll (a fee) for use. Structures for which tolls are charged include toll bridges and toll tunnels. Non-toll roads are financed using other sources of revenue, most typically fuel tax or general tax funds. The building or facility in which a toll is collected may be called a toll booth, toll plaza, toll station, or toll gate. This building is usually found on either side of a bridge and at exits.

A whitesmith is a person who works with "white" or light-colored metals such as tin and pewter. While blacksmiths work mostly with hot metal, whitesmiths do the majority of their work on cold metal (although they might use a forge to shape their raw materials).
The term is also applied to metalworkers who do only finishing work - such as filing or polishing - on iron and other "black" metals.
Ironworker manufactured both for industry and the home, advertising furnaces, bleaching pans, dyers and brewers' pots and kettles, casting for mill-work and machinery, waterwheels and engines, pumps, gas and water pipes, kitchen ranges, stove grates, patent mangles, railings, bookcases and garden rollers - in short almost anything that could be made of iron.

Victualler, coach and horse, is Chiefly British an innkeeper.

Hosiery is knitted coverings for the legs and feet. Also referred to as legwear, hosiery describes garments worn directly on the feet and legs. The term originated as the collective term for products of which a maker or seller is termed a hosier; and those products are also known generically as hose. The term is also used for all types of knitted fabric, and it's thickness and weight is defined in terms of denier or opacity.

Annuitant is a person who receives the benefits of an annuity or pension.

proprietor is an owner of a business establishment.

Most inhabitants were either agricultural servants and farm laborers or ages earning a tenuous living from this craft. One was informant. Five were framework knitters. Of the other textile workers, one was a 'cheviner' or stocking embroiderer, three were cotton spinners in three separate households, and of file adult children were 'silk winders'. Two were employed in the pottery industry as china burnishers and there was a warehouseman and a gardener.

Many of the tradesmen and shopkeepers in the country areas had to fulfill more than one role to make ends meet. Grocers were also ironmongers or druggists (chemists) or corn dealers. The joiners might be also masons.

A draper was a man or woman who sold cloth. This was important at a time when a great many people made or repaired their own clothes.

Maltster is one of those trades which are not so familiar to us today. He treated barley with malt in his malthouse. The finished product was then used to brew beer.

A joiner differs from a carpenter in that he cuts and fits joints in wood that do not use nails, usually in a workshop environment since the formation of the various joints generally require non-portable machinery. A carpenter would normally work on site.


Popular posts from this blog

Does pearls reproduce by itself through time

At the request of several families he and Mrs Legge gave a home for some months to a young Dutch girl, a granddaughter of the first Dutch governor of the Straits Settlements. She had several pearls of which the Dutch residents were great collectors, got from oysters found in a river of the Malay Peninsula, when she left them she gave Mrs Legge a small box containing a large pearl the size of a pea, with a blue spot on it, and two others not so large. This box was then put away and locked up. Several weeks later he took it out and on opening it discovered more than a dozen pearls, most of them very small. Astonished at the phenomenon he called his chief servant, a Portuguese, who happened to enter the room and who expressed no surprise but declared it to be a common occurrence. On enquiry he found that many of the Dutch people had jars of pearls, large and small, which had accumulated in this way. Some years later he related the incident at dinner on board ship. The captain was a cautio

Bidmas, Bedmas, Bodmas, Pedmas And Christmas

This BBC GCSE Bitesize post says, BODMAS stands for 'brackets', 'other', 'division', 'multiplication', 'addition' and 'subtraction'. It's the order in which we carry out a calculation. But another article says, the order of operations in Maths called BIDMAS. BIDMAS stands for Brackets, Indices, Division and Multiplication, Addition and Subtraction. The difference is that the second substitute 'o' with 'i', and we can understand that teacher normally chooses easy way to explain whose pupils can understand, exponent or power or indices are out of reach of foundation students, so teachers uses 'other' instead. And in this article , 'o' actually stands for 'order', as far as my memory can go, my English teacher never teach me 'order' actually means 'Powers and Square Roots, etc.' In United States, the mnemonic fo Order of Operation is PEMDAS, because brackets are called pa

Panic or panick

There is only one spelling for panic ; the verb is inflected 'panic, panics, panicked, and panicking’. The form panick is used for progressive tense, past tense and past participle. We don't write panick today, though English speakers from a few hundred years ago might have (in the same way they might have written musick). When the alternate spelling “panick” is used for the past participle: "I panicked last night at the disco." When it’s use for progressive tense: “Invariably, when markets are panicking, they sell the stocks quickly.” It's the rule for root words ending in "c" is that you have to add “k”, so the spelling is related with the pronunciation. If we don't add the <k>, it looks as if the <c> has to be pronounced /s/. If the "k" was not there, “panicing” would look like the word which is supposed to be pronounced as if it is ended in "sing," while “paniced” would be pronounced like “panised”. The same