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Parlour boarder

Parlour boarder - a pupil who 'lived in' almost as a member of his tutor's family.

Washed out - pupils in a boarding school sent their clothes out of the school to be washed by a laundry or washerwoman.

Aff. or affte. - affectionate.

Going down - going home at the end of term.

Going up - going to boarding school.

Calisthenics - "keep fit" exercises suitable for ladies.

Hoops - a hoop was a large ring of wood or metal. A boy would roll it beside him as he ran along.

Dunned - hounded by a debt collector.

Fag - a young boy who has to obey the orders of a senior; to fag someone - to treat as a fag.

Morris-tube - a narrow metal tube fitted into the barrel of a gun to make it possible to use small bullets for target practice.

Pelisse - a long cloak.

Epaulets - decorative frills worn on the shoulders of a coat.

Beaver hat - hat made of beaver fur.

Gruel - watery soup.

Bread & scrape - a slice of bread very thinly buttered.

Gudgeon - a small fish, sometimes used as live bait.

Fagues - alternative spelling of "fag".

Tetter - a spot or pimple.

Drugget - coarse woollen carpet.

Pottle of strawberries - a little basket of strawberries.

A black dose - cascara or other laxative.

The Sick Cottage - a separate building where seriously ill pupils could have medical treatment and an appropriate diet. It also avoided the infection of other pupils.

Quill - a pen made from the large wing feather of a large bird, usually a goose, sharpened to a point.

Inkstand - a wooden box to hold a small cup, the inkwell which held the ink for a "dipping" pen.

Slate pencil - a stick made of compressed, powdered slate. It was used for writing on a slate. The words cold be wiped off  with a damp cloth.

Numberless appliances - these would include such things as wooden bricks with letters or numbers on each side, and beads of different colours strung on wires fixed in a wooden frame. these bead-frames were used in teaching children to count.

Catechism - a series of questions and answers used in teaching religion.

Copy book - This was used to practise writing. A line was printed at the top of each page in "copperplate" which looked as if it had been written. This had to be copied on every line down the page. The words to be copied were usually a saying, such as "Evil doers never prosper" or "Make hay while the sun shines".

The Three-line system - pages of the copybook were printed with three lines. Short letters such as a, c or m had to fit between lines one and two. Capital letters and tall letters like t o l had to touch the top line.


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