'loan' of an employee to another part of an organisation or to a
completely different organisation.
Job shadowing is actually one of the most common of all training
techniques for new employees. Essentially, job shadowing involves
spending a period of time with a seasoned expert, observing everything
that he or she does that is related to the work that is expected to be
accomplished as part of the daily routine of the job. Involving one
new employee to act as the observer, and one person to function as the
demonstrator, this allows the new hire a chance to get a handle of
what is involved in performing the tasks associated with the work.
Study visits, it's quit straight forward to understand its meaning.