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Showing posts from May, 2009

Baby ABC

A is for antioxidants - Antioxidants are substances that are thought to combat free radicals - damaging molecules created in the body.  The damage done by free radicals may be to blame for a variety of conditions, such as cancer and heart disease. So, eating plenty of fruit and veg, as well as nuts, which are high in antioxidants, may help protect children and adults.

C is for colic - Around 1 in 5 young babies develop colic, characterised by uncontrollable crying for several hours at a time. Although the exact cause is unknown, many experts believe it is due to digestive difficulties making them uncomfortable. If you're breastfeeding, certain foods in your diet may be to blame. Cow's milk and dairy products are thought to be common triggers, along with spicy foods, certan vegetables (broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage), wheat-based foods and caffeine. Cutting them out may help. You can then reintroduce them one by one to pinpoint any culprits. The good news is that most cases o…

Title Deeds

Today when  you purchase a house, the legal documentation affecting the purchase will he added to the existing title deeds for the property, and a solicitor will  assist with the formal registration of the transaction with the Land Registry - a process which  done online these days.
To finance the purchase, most people apply for a mortgage, and the title deeds for the property are then deposited with the mortgage provider or solicitor acting on their behalf as security against the loan until the mortgage is paid off, or the property is sold on.
However, there was no systematic registration of land or property transfers until the formation of  Land Registry in 1862; and even then, registrion remained a voluntary process for most area outside inner London until late into the twentieth century. 
Defined in its strictest term, a  "deed" is a legal document. Title deeds also known as muniments of title,  are therefore the collected legal documentation for past transfers of a particu…

About Shaman

A Shaman can make his spirit jump into another body, into a bear or a wild boar, or a hawk, etc. He can share the creature'd power.
Sometimes a family has a shaman for a son or daughter. That brings trouble for them. The shaman moves among us in times of trouble. He journeys with his power creature and brings back life for everyone. Whe he dies, he leaves his voice in the mountains to guide the next shaman.

--Caroline Pitcher: the Shaman Boy, p. 225-226

Shamans are not alway good.  As with shaman cloak.  Some cloaks full of powers of malevolence, old magic, superstition, ill-will, hurt and harm. Whoever wears the cloak will shift his spirit, through the air, water and fire, over the earth and under it too. He will bring fear to his people. He will hold live coals in his hands, suck souls out of ears, spit palgue, cough gold and banish those we do not want.

-- Same as before, p.339

But Luka said, The cloak itself isn't wicked. It's just what people believe it can do. They make i…

Muesli

It's actually quite tricky to make eating fibre more tasty and fun, rather than brown and boring, and hard to create just the right balance of flavours and textures, too.

We may select high fibre fruits, like juicy apples and apricots and blend them with light and crispy toasted cereals including rye. By redeveloping and improving the recipe, we have got the right tasty and fun muesli everyone like for their breakfast.

Parlour boarder

Parlour boarder - a pupil who 'lived in' almost as a member of his tutor's family.

Washed out - pupils in a boarding school sent their clothes out of the school to be washed by a laundry or washerwoman.

Aff. or affte. - affectionate.

Going down - going home at the end of term.

Going up - going to boarding school.

Calisthenics - "keep fit" exercises suitable for ladies.

Hoops - a hoop was a large ring of wood or metal. A boy would roll it beside him as he ran along.

Dunned - hounded by a debt collector.

Fag - a young boy who has to obey the orders of a senior; to fag someone - to treat as a fag.

Morris-tube - a narrow metal tube fitted into the barrel of a gun to make it possible to use small bullets for target practice.

Pelisse - a long cloak.

Epaulets - decorative frills worn on the shoulders of a coat.

Beaver hat - hat made of beaver fur.

Gruel - watery soup.

Bread & scrape - a slice of bread very thinly buttered.

Gudgeon - a small fish, sometimes used as l…

Roles in a Boarding School

In the 18th century the question might not be "which school?", but "school or private tutor?".

Rich people sent their boys to a Public School,  or Boarding School, under the cares of different personals of a Boarding school, which include:

Headmaster would be hightly recommended particularly for the art of whipping little boys, parents in 19th century thought, in terms of education, there was nothing to be done without corporal punishment.

Sometimes, mothers felt such a wrench to send their children away, so towards the end of the 19th century the position of Matron in boarding schools had become established, and mothers could feel that there was, in effect, a mother substitute to look after their children.

House Masters,  scholars lived in different boarding house, and every house has its master and assistant house master. Some pupils might live in almost as a member of his tutor's family, those were called parlour boarder, so their tutor were also their House M…

How to describe a photograph

The photograph was of excellent quality having good definition and clarity for an image dating back to the late 19th Century.

Seated was a girl of about 22. If not beautiful, certainly very attractive wearing a dress decorated with a good calibre embroidered lace. A small book lay lightly in her hands, but she was looking directly at the camera. An ornate cross, appended to a chain hung round her neck, and hinted at religious devotion.

This was not a vain girl.  She had a short simple hair style, parted on the left. Her teeth were slightly prominent. something familiar about the way she held herself - inclined a touch to the right and head tilted slightly to the left.

This compelling maiden drew me to study those agreeable pleasant round eyes. It was with wonderment and amazement, that it began to dawn on me why this particular contenance should be familiar.



[caption id="attachment_315" align="alignnone" width="204" caption="Miss Florence Calder"][/…

Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale is famous for being the 'Lady with the Lamp' who nursed soldiers during the Crimean War (1853 - 56).

After the Crimean War she demanded a Royal Commission into the Military Hospitals and the health of the Army, she began investigating the health and sanitation in the British Army in India, and the local population.

She established the first organised, training school for nurses, the Nightingale Training School at St Thomas’ Hospital.

Her greatest achievement was to make nursing a respectable profession for women. Florence's writings on hospital planning and organization had a profound effect in England and across the world, publishing over 200 books, reports and pamphlets.

At the time and after, 'Florence' became a popular choice of name for a girl. Miss Nightingale was born in Florence Italy, 1820, hence her Christian name, which before her adulation, was never a name for a girl.

Progressive Teaching

The term "Progressive Teaching" was used chiefly by and about the reformers associated with Jane Addams, John Dewey, and other such people, who worked before and after 1900. It advocated a student-centered courses and pedagogies and about democratic efforts of many kinds in schools and universities. In a progressive school, you may find the following things:

Classroom layout suitable for Group works: In a traditional class room, all pupils seated in rows, facing their teacher at the front and the teacher could see all of pupils' faces. This might produce a quiet class conducive to concentration and hard work. Pupils were only allowed to sit with friends just so long as they were co-operative and muted conversation was relevant to the work they were doing.

But in a modern classroom, children are seated in a little groups facing each other. Such an arrangement may encourage idle chatter and constant distraction. This desks arrangement also requires a teacher to ch…