Skip to main content

Parlour boarder

Parlour boarder - a pupil who 'lived in' almost as a member of his tutor's family.

Washed out - pupils in a boarding school sent their clothes out of the school to be washed by a laundry or washerwoman.

Aff. or affte. - affectionate.

Going down - going home at the end of term.

Going up - going to boarding school.

Calisthenics - "keep fit" exercises suitable for ladies.

Hoops - a hoop was a large ring of wood or metal. A boy would roll it beside him as he ran along.

Dunned - hounded by a debt collector.

Fag - a young boy who has to obey the orders of a senior; to fag someone - to treat as a fag.

Morris-tube - a narrow metal tube fitted into the barrel of a gun to make it possible to use small bullets for target practice.

Pelisse - a long cloak.

Epaulets - decorative frills worn on the shoulders of a coat.

Beaver hat - hat made of beaver fur.

Gruel - watery soup.

Bread & scrape - a slice of bread very thinly buttered.

Gudgeon - a small fish, sometimes used as live bait.

Fagues - alternative spelling of "fag".

Tetter - a spot or pimple.

Drugget - coarse woollen carpet.

Pottle of strawberries - a little basket of strawberries.

A black dose - cascara or other laxative.

The Sick Cottage - a separate building where seriously ill pupils could have medical treatment and an appropriate diet. It also avoided the infection of other pupils.

Quill - a pen made from the large wing feather of a large bird, usually a goose, sharpened to a point.

Inkstand - a wooden box to hold a small cup, the inkwell which held the ink for a "dipping" pen.

Slate pencil - a stick made of compressed, powdered slate. It was used for writing on a slate. The words cold be wiped off  with a damp cloth.

Numberless appliances - these would include such things as wooden bricks with letters or numbers on each side, and beads of different colours strung on wires fixed in a wooden frame. these bead-frames were used in teaching children to count.

Catechism - a series of questions and answers used in teaching religion.

Copy book - This was used to practise writing. A line was printed at the top of each page in "copperplate" which looked as if it had been written. This had to be copied on every line down the page. The words to be copied were usually a saying, such as "Evil doers never prosper" or "Make hay while the sun shines".

The Three-line system - pages of the copybook were printed with three lines. Short letters such as a, c or m had to fit between lines one and two. Capital letters and tall letters like t o l had to touch the top line.


Popular posts from this blog

Panic or panick

There is only one spelling for panic ; the verb is inflected 'panic, panics, panicked, and panicking’. The form panick is used for progressive tense, past tense and past participle. We don't write panick today, though English speakers from a few hundred years ago might have (in the same way they might have written musick). When the alternate spelling “panick” is used for the past participle: "I panicked last night at the disco." When it’s use for progressive tense: “Invariably, when markets are panicking, they sell the stocks quickly.” It's the rule for root words ending in "c" is that you have to add “k”, so the spelling is related with the pronunciation. If we don't add the <k>, it looks as if the <c> has to be pronounced /s/. If the "k" was not there, “panicing” would look like the word which is supposed to be pronounced as if it is ended in "sing," while “paniced” would be pronounced like “panised”. The same

Does pearls reproduce by itself through time

At the request of several families he and Mrs Legge gave a home for some months to a young Dutch girl, a granddaughter of the first Dutch governor of the Straits Settlements. She had several pearls of which the Dutch residents were great collectors, got from oysters found in a river of the Malay Peninsula, when she left them she gave Mrs Legge a small box containing a large pearl the size of a pea, with a blue spot on it, and two others not so large. This box was then put away and locked up. Several weeks later he took it out and on opening it discovered more than a dozen pearls, most of them very small. Astonished at the phenomenon he called his chief servant, a Portuguese, who happened to enter the room and who expressed no surprise but declared it to be a common occurrence. On enquiry he found that many of the Dutch people had jars of pearls, large and small, which had accumulated in this way. Some years later he related the incident at dinner on board ship. The captain was a cautio

How to Address Important People

It would be very safe to address important people as just "Sir" or "Madam," however high their rank but it would show that you are a cultivated and wel-bred person if you were able easily and naturally to address them in the correct way. A person of lower rank does not make himself humble and ridiculous by using the correct form of address at least once or twice in a conversation. The person of higher rank will, however, be just as embarrassed as his inferior if the formal address is used too often. Be natural, that is the great thing, and if you are not too sure of yourself, watch carefully how others more used to such company behave. Here then are some of the correct forms of address in speaking to titled people: -- The King, The Queen: Your Majesty. Member of the Royal Family: Your Royal Highness. Duke, Duchess: Your Grace Marquis, Earl, Viscount, Baron: My Lord, or Your Lordship. Marchioness, Countess, Viscountess, Baroness: My Lady or Your Ladyship.