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Bound Morpheme

In english, all roots are free morphemes except the 2nd feature of the following:
certain
retain
detain

receive
conceive
deceive

confer
refer
defer

The second elements of these words, what comes after the prefix, are not free morphemes. "Tain", "ceive", "fer" are not meaningful words by themselves, so aren't "free" morphemes. So, though they are the roots of the words given, they aren't free resembling most roots. So, even though MOST roots are free morphemes, some of them aren't. Some roots aren't words on their own.

On a practical rank, if this is preparation for an exam, it may be a good concept to memorize the list of words above as they may be asked of you. If rote memorization is an issue for you, try a trick:

I am CERTAIN they will RETAIN the DETAINee.
I will RECEIVE the opinion you CONCEIVE, just don't DECEIVE me.

I did CONFER near my lawyer who have me REFER to DEFERral.

http://www.eduqna.com/Words-Wordplay/1119-words-2-9.html

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