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A City Within a City, Little Chester, Derby

This is a great book to know Derby local history, by Joan D'Arcy.

Little Chester is now a part of the City of Derby by the River Derwent. It is a Conservation Area and a buffer zone of the Derwent Valley Mills World Heritage Site. It has Roman beginnings, a Saxon cemetery, a Domesday entry, a manor and prebendal estate. It grew, through railway and other industrial development, into a Victorian community with church, chapel, school and rows of terraced houses set around a Green or Recreation Ground.

About Roman Beginnings:
It was in the year AD 43 that Roman Emperor Claudius launched the invasion of the British Isles.

Three legions crossed the Channel and landed on the south coast. They were soon advancing north in a march of conquest and occupation. As they advanced, they fortified strategic and defensive sites.

The Ninth Legion (Hispana) was given the task of subduing the Midlands and its people, a tribal group called Corieltauvi (otherwise Coritani).

About AD 50 it reached the Derwent and established a camp on the ridge, about a mile (2 km) north of Derby City Centre. This area is now occupied by houses and is known as Strutt's Park.

The earliest account of Roman occupation there comes in Stephen Glover's , History of the County of Derby.

-- Joan D'Arcy, A City Within a City, Little Chester, Derby, AD80- AD2000

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