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The Dynasties of Britain

Here is the brief summary of the various dynasties that have ruled England since 1066, William the Conqueror. But the dynasties of Britain could start much earlier, up to 871, King Alfred the Great. And we may use totally different method to divide the dynasties such as that in  Chinese history.

Saxon Dynasty

Alfred's father, Athelwulf, king of Wessex, died, and so did his four older brothers, and Alfred inherited West Saxon kingdom.  Then Alfred made himself king of England. After he died, his son Edward the Elder inherited the crown, until the last king of Saxon dynasty, edmund Ironside. Saxon Dynasty lasted about 150 years.

Danish Dynasty

Cnut was the son of a viking king. The Vikings defeated Edmund Ironside, and force him to share his kingodm with Cnut, but a month later Edmund died, and the Danish king, Cnut, was made  to be king of England. This start the Danish dynasty, untill William the Conqueror, which lasted only 50 years.

Normandy Dynasty

Having beaten Harold at the Battle of  Hastings, William of Normandy made himself King William the First of England.  He ruled from 1066 to 1087. And the whole Norman family rules lasted

Plantagenet Dynasty

Henry's father, Geoffrey, was French. He was famous for wearing a piece of broom in his hat. Broom is a plant with yellow flowers. The French word for boom is genet, so Geoffrey was known as Plantagenet. Geoffrey's whole family became known as the Plantagenets, including Henry and his children. The Plantagenet family replaced the Normans as rulers of England, just as one hundred years before, the Normans had replaced the Saxons.

Lancastrian Dynasty

Henry IV illegally overthrew the legitimate ruler and he managed to get parliament to agree that he was the rightful king. This meant the Plantagenets no longer ruled England.

The War of Roses was between  the Houses of Lancaster and the Houses of York.


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